Prof. Nadav Na'Aman

ארכיאולוגיה אמריטוס
Phone: 03-6409381
Another phone: 03-6409277
Office: Carter, 30


Professor of Jewish History
Department of Jewish History


Curiculum Vitae

1939  Born inJerusalem

1957-1960 I.D.F. Military service

1967 B.A. in Archaeology and Jewish History (cum laude)

1971  M.A. in Jewish History (summa cum laude)

1975 Ph.D. granted by TelAvivUniversity. Doctoral dissertation The Political Disposition and Historical Development of Eretz-Israel according to the Amarna Letters (Profs. Y. Aharoni and A.F. Rainey - supervisors).

1975-1979 Lecturer in Archaeology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies, Tel Aviv University.

1979-1984 Senior Lecturer.

1984-1989 Associate Professor in Jewish History.

1989-present Full Professor of Jewish History,TelAvivUniversity.

1991-1995       Chairperson of the Department of Jewish History

2005-2009: Incumbent, the Kaplan Chair for the History ofEgyptandIsraelin Ancient


October 2007  Retirement from university.

June 2012 Member of theIsraelAcademyof Sciences and Humanities.


Fields of Research

Jewish History

Ancient Near East



Current Projects

• Historiography in the Ancient Near East and in the Bible

• History of Israel in the Monarchial Period

• The Land of Canaan in the Amarna Period

• Mineralogical and Chemical Study of the Amarna Tablets


Research Students

MA. students: E. Ben Zvi, A. Zertal, Y. Dagan, R. Kletter, A. Fantalkin, Y. Thareani Sussely, D. Sroka, E. Kogan-Zehavi, H. Torge, Ido Koch.

Ph.D. students: A. Zertal, A. Ofer, R. Kletter, O. Lipschits, A. Ashman, C. Edenburg, N.

Franklin, A. Sumakai-Fink, Y. Thareani, S. Hasegawa, B. Stavi.

Ph.D. in preparation: Ido Koch


Grants and Prizes

October 2003 – September 2007 – Research grant, theIsraelScience Foundation (ISF)

2004 – Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi prize for the history of Eretz-Israel, for the book ‘the Past that Shapes the Present.

2006 – The Landau prize of Miph‛al ha-Payis in the field of biblical and Jewish history in the biblical period.

Research Students

MA. students

E. Ben Zvi, A. Zertal, Y. Dagan, R. Kletter, A. Fantalkin, Y. Taharani
MA. In preparation: D. Sroka

Ph.D. students

A. Zertal, A. Ofer, R. Kletter, O. Lipschits, A. Ashman, C. Edenburg 
Ph.D. in preparation: N. Franklin, S. Sekine, G. Zitolovski



Selected Publications


Na'aman, N. 1986. Borders and Districts in Biblical Historiography. Jerusalem. pp.275.

Na'aman, N. 2002. The Past that Shapes the Present. The Creation of Biblical Historiography in the Late First Temple Period and after the Downfall (Yeriot 3). Jerusalem (Hebrew).pp.384.

Inscribed in Clay. Provenance Study of the Amarna Tablets and Other Ancient Near Eastern Texts (Monograph Series of the Sonia and Marco Nadler Institute of Archaeology), Tel Aviv University 2004 (co-authors: Yuval Goren and IsraelFinkelstein). 384 pp.

Ancient Israel and Its Neighbors: Interaction and Counteraction. Collected Essays, vol. 1, Winona Lake 2005.

Canaan in the Second Millennium B.C.E. Collected Essays, vol. 2,Winona Lake 2005.

Ancient Israel’s History and Historiography: The First Temple Period. Collected Essays, vol. 3, Winona Lake 2006.

Books (edited)

From Nomadism to Monarchy. Archaeological and Historical Aspects of Early Israel,Jerusalem 1990, 462 pp. (Hebrew) (co-editor I. Finkelstein).

From Nomadism to Monarchy. Archaeological and Historical Aspects of Early Israel, Jerusalem1994, 399 pp. (co-editor I. Finkelstein).

P. Beck, Imagery and Representation. Studies in the Art and Iconography of Acient Palestine: Collected Articles, Tel Aviv 2002 (co-editors U, Zevulun and I. Ziffer).

 Ancient Gods. Polytheism in Eretz Israel and Neighbouring Countries from the Second Millennium BCE to the Islamic Period, Jerusalem 2008 (co-editors M. Kister, J. Geiger and S. Shaked) (Hebrew).

Royal Assyrian Inscriptions: History, Historiography and Ideology (A Conference in Honour of Hayim Tadmor on the Occasion of His Eightieth Birthday, 20 November 2003), Jerusalem 2009 (co-editor I. Eph‘al) (Hebrew).

The Fire Signals of Lachish. Studies in the Archaeology and History of Israel in the Late Bronze Age, Iron Age, and Persian Period in Honor of David Ussishkin, WinonaLake 2011 (co-editor I. Finkelstein).

Eretz Israel 30 - Amnon Ben-Tor Volume, Jerusalem 2011 (co-editors j. Aviram, S. Gitin, A. Mazar, E. Stern andS. Zuckerman) (Hebrew).


Na'aman, N. 1973. The Idrimi Inscription Reconsidered, in Y. Aharoni (ed.), Excavations and Studies.Essays in Honour of S. Yeivin, Tel Aviv, pp. 211-220 (Hebrew) (co-author: A. Kempinski).

Na'aman, N. 1974. Sennacherib's 'Letter to God' on his Campaign to Judah. BASOR 214:25-39.

Na'aman, N. 1974. Syriaat the Transition from the Old Babylonian Period to the Middle Babylonian Period, Ugarit-Forschungen 6, pp. 129-143.

Na'aman, N. 1976. A New Look at the Chronology of Alalakh Level VII, Anatolian Studies 26 pp. 129-143.

Na'aman, N. 1976. Two Notes on the Monolith Inscription of Shalmaneser III from Kurkh, Tel Aviv 3, pp. 89-106.

Campaigns of the Assyrian Kings toJudahin the Light of a New Assyrian Document,Shnaton: An Annual for Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Studies 2 (1977), pp.164-180 (Hebrew).

Yeno‘am, Tel Aviv 4 (1977), pp. 168-177.

Ašītu (sg.) and ašātu (pl.) - Strap and Reins, Journal of Cuneiform Studies 29 (1977), pp. 237-239.

Looking for KTK, Die Welt des Orients 9 (1978), pp. 220-239.

The Brook of Egypt and Assyrian Policy on the Egyptian Border, Shnaton: An Annual for Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Studies 3 (1978), pp. 138-158 (Hebrew).

The Chronology of Alalakh Level VII once again, Anatolian Studies 29 (1979), pp. 103-113.

The Origin and the Historical Background of Several Amarna Letters, Ugarit Forschungen 11 (1979), pp. 673-684.

Sennacherib's Campaign to Judahand the Date of the LMLK Stamps, Vetus Testamentum 29 (1979), pp. 61-86.

The Brook of Egypt and Assyrian Policy on the Egyptian Border, Tel Aviv 6 (1979), pp. 68-90.

The Ishtar Templeat Alalakh, Journal of Near Eastern Studies 39 (1980), pp. 209-214.

The Shihor of Egypt and Shur that is Before Egypt, Tel Aviv 7 (1980), pp. 95-109

The Inheritance of the Sons of Simeon, Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins 96 (1980), pp. 136-152.

The Historical Introduction of the AleppoTreaty Reconsidered, Journal of Cuneiform Studies 32 (1980), pp. 34-42

A Royal Scribe and His Scribal Products in the Alalakh IV Court, Oriens Antiquus 19 (1980), pp. 107-116.

The Recycling of a Silver Statue, Journal of Near Eastern Studies 40 (1981), pp. 47-48.

East-West Diplomatic Relations in the Days of Zimrilim, Revue d'Assyriologie 75 (1981), pp. 171-172.

"Hebronwas built seven years before Zoan in Egypt" (Numbers XIII 22), Vetus Testamentum 31 (1981), pp. 488-492.

Economic Aspects of the Egyptian Occupation of Canaan, Israel Exploration Journal 31 (1981), pp. 172-185.

Royal Estates in the Jezreel Valleyin the Late Bronze Age and Under the Israelite Monarchy, Eretz Israel 15 (1981), pp. 140-144 (Hebrew).

A New Outlook at the List of Levitic Cities, Zion 47 (1982), pp. 237-252 (Hebrew). 

Na'aman, N. 1982. Palestine in the Canaanite Periods: The Middle and Late Bronze Age. In: Eph'al, I. ed. The History of Eretz Israel. Vol. I. Jerusalem, pp 129-275 (Hebrew).

The Shihor of Egyptand Shur which is in Front of Egypt, in B. Uffenheimer (ed.), Bible Studies. Y.M. Grinz in Memoriam (Te‘uda II), Tel Aviv 1982, pp. 205-221 (Hebrew).

The Inheritances of the Cis-Jordanian Tribes ofIsraeland the `Land that yet Remaineth', Eretz Israel 16 (1982), pp. 152-158 (Hebrew).

The Town of Ibirtaand the Relations of the Apiru and the Shosu, Göttinger Miszellen 57 (1982), pp. 27-33.

The District-System of Israelin the Time of the United Monarchy, Zion 48 (1983), pp. 1-20 (Hebrew).

The Inheritance and Settlement of the Sons of Simeon in the South of Eretz Israel, in A. Rofé and Y. Zakovitch (eds.), Isac Leo Seeligmann Volume I,Jerusalem 1983, pp. 111-136 (Hebrew).

Aphek in the 13th Century B.C.: From a City-State to an Egyptian Administrative Center, Cathedra 27 (1983), pp. 27-32 (Hebrew).

The Town of Malaúu, Göttinger Miszellen 63 (1983), pp. 47-51.

Topographical and Historical Considerations of Amenhotep II’s Campaigns to Canaan, Eretz Israel 17 (1984), pp. 257-262 (Hebrew).

Ephraim, Ephrath and the Settlement in the Judean Hill Country, Zion 49 (1984), pp. 325-331 (Hebrew).

Statements of Time-Spans by Babylonian and Assyrian Kings and Mesopotamian Chronology, Iraq 46 (1984), 115-123.

Aradin the Topographical List of Shishak, Tel Aviv 12 (1985), pp. 91-92.

Betheland Beth-aven: The Location of the Early Israelite Sanctuaries, Zion 50 (1985), pp. 15-25 (Hebrew).

The Historical Background of the Battle between Amaziah and Jehoash, Shnaton: An Annual for Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Studies 9 (1985), pp. 211-217 (Hebrew).

Historical and Chronological Notes on the Kingdoms of Israel and Judahin the Eighth Century BC, Vetus Testamentum 36 (1986), pp. 71-91.

Habiru and Hebrews: The Transfer of a Social Term to the Literary Sphere, Journal of Near Eastern Studies 45 (1986), pp. 271-286.

Hezekiah's Fortified Cities and the LMLK Stamps, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 261 (1986), pp. 5-21.

The Towerof Shechemand the House of El-Berith, Zion 51 (1986), pp. 259-280 (Hebrew).

The Canaanite City-States in the Late Bronze and the Inheritances of the Israelite Tribes, Tarbiz 55 (1986), pp. 463-488 (Hebrew).

An Account Tablet of Sheep from Ancient Hebron, Tel Aviv 13-14 (1986-1987), pp. 3-12 (co-author: Moshe Anbar).

The Negev in the Last Century of the Kingdom of Judah, Cathedra 42 (1987), pp. 4-15 (Hebrew).

Beth-aven, Betheland Early Israelite Sanctuaries, Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins 103 (1987), pp. 13-21.

TheSinai Peninsulaas Understood within the Egyptian and Biblical Concept of the Borders, in G. Gvirtzman et al. (eds.), Sinai II, Tel Aviv 1987, pp. 709-713 (Hebrew).

Pastoral Nomads in the Southwestern Periphery of the Kingdomof Judahin the 9th 8th Centuries B.C.E., Zion 52 (1987), pp. 261-278 (Hebrew).

TheSouthern Shefelahduring the Late Bronze Age according to Cuneiform Documents, in E. Stern and D. Urman (eds.), Man and Environment in the Southern Shefelah. Studies in Regional Geography and History, Givataim 1988, pp. 93-98 (Hebrew).

The List of David’s Officers (šālîšîm), Vetus Testamentum 38 (1988), pp. 71-79.

Biryawaza of Damascusand the Date of the Kāmid el-Lōz >Apiru Letters, Ugarit

Forschungen 20 (1988), pp. 179-194.

Historical-Geographical Aspects of the Amarna Tablets, Proceedings of the Ninth World Congress of Jewish Studies. Panel Sessions: Bible Studies and Ancient Near East, Jerusalem 1988, pp. 17-26.


Canaanites and Perizzites, Biblische Notizen 45 (1988), pp. 42-47.

The Date of 2 Chronicles 11:5-10 - A Reply to Y. Garfinkel, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 271 (1988), pp. 74-77.

Pharaonic Lands in theJezreelValleyin the Late Bronze Age, M. Heltzer and E. Lipiński (eds.), Society and Economy in the Eastern Mediterranean (c. 1500-1000 B.C.) (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 23), Leuven 1988, pp. 177-185.


Sargon II’s Deportations to Israeland Philistia(716-708 B.C.), Journal of Cuneiform Studies 40 (1988), pp. 36-46 (co-author: Ran Zadok).

The Biblical Borders of the Land - Ideal and Reality, in M. Cogan (ed.), Ben-Gurion and the Bible - The People and Its Land, Beer-Sheva 1989, pp. 29-44 (Hebrew).

Population Changes in Palestinefollowing Assyrian Deportations, Cathedra 54 (1989), pp. 43-62 (Hebrew).

The Town Lists ofJudahand Benjamin and the Kingdom of Judah under Josiah, Zion 54 (1989), pp. 17-71 (Hebrew).

Pirathon and Ophrah, Biblische Notizen 50 (1989), pp. 11-16.

The Historical Background of the Conquest of Samaria(720 BC), Biblica 71 (1990), pp. 206-225.

Literary and Topographical Notes on the Battle of Kishon (Judges iv-v), Vetus Testamentum 40 (1990), pp. 423-436.

The Kingdomof Ishbaal, Biblische Notizen 54 (1990), pp. 33-37.

On Gods and Scribal Traditions in the Amarna letters, Ugarit-Forschungen 22 (1990), pp. 247-255.

Praises to the Pharaoh in Response to his Plans for a Campaign to Canaan, in T.Abusch, J. Huehnergard and P. Steinkeller (eds.), Lingering Over Words. Studies in Ancient Near Eastern Literature in Honor of William L. Moran,Atlanta 1990,

pp. 397-405.

The `Conquest of Canaan' in Joshua and in History, in N. Na’aman and I.Finkelstein (eds.), From Nomadism to Monarchy,Jerusalem 1990, pp. 284-347 (Hebrew).

The Old Assyrian Colonies inCappadociaand Assyrian Trade in the Early Second Millennium BCE, in B.Z. Kedar et al. (eds.), Commerce in Palestine Throughout the Ages,Jerusalem 1990, pp. 21-41 (Hebrew).


Na'aman, N. 1991. The Kingdom of Judah under Josia. Tel Aviv 18:3-71.

Na'aman, N. 1991. Chronology and History in the Late Assyrian Empire (631-619 BC) ZA 81:243-267.

Na'aman, N. 1994. The 'Conquest of Canaan' in the Book of Joshua and in History. In: Finkelstein, I. and Na'aman, N. eds. From Nomadism to Monarchy. Jerusalem: 218-281.

Na'aman, N. 1995. The Debated Historiocity of Hezekiah's Reform in the Light of Historical and Archaeological Research. ZAW 107:105-117.

Na'aman, N. 1996. The Contribution of the Amarna Letters to the Debate on Jerusalem's Political Position in the Tenth Century B.C.E. BASOR 304:17-27.

Na'aman, N. 1997. The Network of Canaanite Late Bronze Kingdoms and the City of Asdod. Ugarit-Forschungen 29:599-626.

Na'aman, N. 1997. Prophetic Stories as Sources for the Histories of Jehoshaphat and the Omrides, Biblica 78:153-173.

Na'aman, N. 1998. Sargon II the Rebellion of the Cypriote Kings against Shilta of Tyre. Orientalia 67:239-247.

Na'aman, N. 1998. Tiglath-pileser III's Annexations according to the Iran Stele (IIB). N.A.B.U. 1998/1: No. 14.

Na'aman, N. 1998. The Closing Paragraphs of Letter KBO I 10. Altorientalische Forschungen 25:61-67.

Na'aman, N. 1998. From the Settlement to the Destruction of the First Temple. In: Shinan, A. ed. Israel: Land – People – State. A Nation and Its Homeland. Jerusalem: 21-37 (Hebrew).

Na'aman, N. 1998. Royal Inscriptions and the Histories of Joash and Ahaz, Kings of Judah. Vetus Testamentum 48:333-349.

Na'aman, N. 1998. Shishak's Campaign to Palestine as Reflected by the Epigraphic. Biblical and Archaeological Evidence. Zion 63:247-276 (Hebrew).

Na'aman, N. 1998. Jehu Son of Omri - Legitimizing a Loyal Vassal by His Lord. Israel Exploration Journal 48:236-238.

Na'aman, N. 1998. Ittai the Gittite. Biblische Notizen 94:22-25.

Na'aman, N. 1998. Two Notes on the History of Ashkelon and Ekron in the Late Eighth-Seventh Century B.C.E. Tel Aviv 25:219-227.

Na'aman, N. 1999. The Letter of Hattushili III King of Hatti to Kadashman-Enlil II King of Babylon. In: Avishur, Y. and Deutsch, R. eds. Michael. Historical, Epigraphical and Biblical Studies in Honor of Prof. Michael Heltzer. Tel Aviv: 107*-118* (Hebrew).

Na'aman, N. 1999. Four Notes on the Size of the Land of Canaan. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 313:31-37.

Na'aman, N. 1999. The Contribution of Royal Inscriptions for a Re-evaluation of the Book of Kings as a Historical Source. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 82:3-17.

Na'aman, N. 1999. On the Antiquity of the Regnal Years in the Book of Kings. TheologischeZeitschrift 55:44-46.

Na'aman, N. 1999. The Historical Background of the Aramaic Inscription from Tel Dan. Eretz Israel 26:112-118 (Hebrew).

Na'aman, N. 1999. No Anthropomorphic Graven Image. Notes on the Assumed Anthropomorphic Cult Statues in the Temples of YHWH in the Pre-Exilic Period. Ugarit-Forschungen 31:391-415.

Na'aman, N. 1999. Lebo-Hamath, Subat-Hamath and the Northern Boundary of the Land of Canaan. Ugarit-Forschungen 31:417-441.

Na'aman, N. 1999. The Fire Signals of Lachish Revisited. Palestine Exploration Quarterly 131:65-67.

Na'aman, N. 2000. Three Notes on the Aramaic Inscription from Tel Dan. Israel Exploration Journal 50:92-104.

Na'aman, N. 2000. The Egyptian – Canaanite Correspondence. In: Cohen, R. and Westbrook, R. eds. Amarna Diplomacy: The Beginnings of International Relations. Baltimore and London: 125-138, 252-253.

Na'aman, N. 2000. The Contribution of the Trojan Grey Ware from Lachish and Tel Miqne-Ekron for the Chronology of the Philistine Monochrome Pottery. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 317:1-7.

Na'aman, N. 2000. The Law of the Altar in Deuteronomy and the Cultic Site near Shechem. In: McKenzie, S.L. and Romer, T. eds. Rethinking the Foundations. Historiography in the Ancient World and in the Bible. Essays in Honour of John Van Seters. Berlin and New York: 141-161.

Na'aman, N. 2000. New Light on Hezekiah's Second Prophetic Story (2 Kings 19, 9b-35). Biblica 81:393-402.

Na'aman, N. 2000. Royal Vassals or Governors? On the status of Sheshbazzar and Zerubbabel in the Persian Empire. Henoch 22:35-44.

Na'aman, N. 2000. Assyrian Deportations to the Province of Samerina in the Light of Two Cuneiform Tablets from Tel Hadid. Tel Aviv 27:159-188 (co-author R. Zadok).

Na'aman, N. 2000. Habiru-Like Bands (l?-urbi) in the Assyrian Empire and Bands in Biblical Historiography. Journal of the American Oriental Society 120:621-624.

Na'aman, N. 2000. Rubutu/Aruboth. Ugarit-Forschungen 32:373-383.

Na'aman, N. 2001. Royal Inscription versus Prophetic Story: Mesha's Rebellion in Historical Elucidation. Zion 66:5-40 (Hebrew).

Na'aman, N. 2001. The Conquest of Yadnana according to the Inscriptions of Sargon II. In: Abusch, T. et al. eds. Proceedings of the XLVe Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale. vol. 1: Historiography in the Cuneiform World. Bethesda: 365-372.

Na'aman, N. 2001. Historical Analysis of the Book of Kings in the Light of Royal Inscriptions of the Ninth Century BCE. Cathedra 100:89-108 (Hebrew).

Na'aman, N. 2001. The Bible as a Source for the History of Israel in the First Temple Period. In: Levine, L.I. and Mazar, A. eds. The Controversy over the Historicity of the Bible. Jerusalem: 124-134 (Hebrew).

Na'aman, N. 2001. An Assyrian Residence at Ramat Rahel? Tel Aviv 28:260-280.

Na'aman, N. 2001. Solomon's District List (1 Kings 4:7-19) and the Assyrian Province System in Palestine. Ugarit-Forschungen 33:419-436.

Na'aman, N. 2002. Aribua and the Patina-Hamath Border. Orientalia 71:291-295.

Na'aman, N. 2002. The Seat of Three Disputed Canaanite Rulers according to Petrographic Investigation of the Amarna Tablets. Tel Aviv 29:221-237 (co-authors Y. Goren and I. Finkelstein).

Na'aman, N. 2002. In search of Reality behind the Account of David's Wars with Israel's Neighbours. Israel Exploration Journal 52:200-224.

Na'aman, N. 2002. Dispatching Canaanite Maidservants to the Pharaoh. Ancient Near Eastern Studies 39:76-82.

Na'aman, N. 2003. Updating the Messages: Hezekiah's Second Prophetic Story (2 Kings 19, 9b-35) and the Community of Babylonian Deportees. In: Grabbe, L.L. ed. 'Like a Bird in the Cage'. The Invasion of Sennacherib in 701 BCE (JSOT Supplement 363). Sheffield: 201-220.

Na'aman, N. 2003. Ostracon 40 from Arad Reconsidered. In: Hertog, C.G., Hübner, U. and Münger, S. eds. Saxa loquentur. Studien zur Archäologie Palästinas/Israels Festschrift für Volkmar Fritz zum 65. Geburtstag. Münster: 199-204.

Na'aman, N. 2003. The Contribution of the Lachish Ostraca for the Study of the Distribution of Messages in the Kingdom of Judah in the Late Monarchial Period. In: Ben-Arieh, Y. and Reiner, E. eds. Studies in the History of Eretz Israel Presented to Yehuda Ben Porat. Jerusalem: 5-12 (Hebrew).

Na'aman, N. 2003. The Distribution of Messages in the Kingdom of Judah in Light of the Lachish Ostraca. Vetus Testamentum 53:169-180.

Na'aman, N. 2003. The Expansion of the Kingdom of Amurru according to the Petrographic Investigation of the Amarna Tablets. BASOR 329:1-11 (co-authors Y. Goren and I. Finkelstein).

Na'aman, N. 2003. The Location of Alashiya: New Evidence from Petrographic Investigation of Alashiyan Tablets from El-Amarna and Ugarit. American Journal of Archaeology 107:233-255 (co-authors Y. Goren, S. Bunimovitz and I. Finkelstein).

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