Prof. Raphael Greenberg

ארכיאולוגיה סגל אקדמי בכיר
Phone: 03-6405470
Fax: 03-6407237
Office: Rosenberg - Jewish Studies, 116


Research Interests

My focus in recent years has been on two distinct fields: Early Bronze Age research, and the impact of archaeology in the present. My Early Bronze research covers questions such as the formation and dissolution of early urban societies in the Levant, long and mid-range interaction, migration and trade, and social and economic aspects of ceramic industries (most recently, the Kura-Araxes interaction sphere). My work on archaeology in the present includes teaching and writing about community archaeology and the politics of the archaeology of ancient Jerusalem. These interests are brought into relation with one another through a commitment to critical archaeology and to the investigation of perrenially relevant questions such as time, migration and transmission of culture, and material culture and its agency. 

 EBA field work: Tel Bet Yerah (2003 - present)

 Rogem Ganim community project (2000-2008): Documentary film by Natasha Dudinski

Critical archaeology in ancient Jerusalem:


1985-2000: Israel Antiquities Authority Publications -- Editor, Hadashot Arkheologiyot, 'Atiqot, IAA Reports

1998- present: Tel Aviv University

2010-2011: Visiting Associate Professor, UCLA-Cotsen Institute of Archaeology

2011- present: Honorary Professor, Institute of Archaeology, University College London


Non-Academic Appointments

Editorial Board, Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology

Editorial Board, Tel Aviv: Journal of the Tel Aviv University Institute of Archaeology

Member, Council of theIsraelExploration Society

Member, Israeli-Palestinian Archaeology Working Group

Topic Coordinator, Associated Regional Chronologies of the Ancient Near East (ARCANE)


Research Students

PhD Candidates

Mark Iserlis

Hai Ashkenazi

Yael Rotem

Alice Berger (UCL)



Books and Monographs

A. Biran, D. Ilan and R. Greenberg. Dan I. Jerusalem: Hebrew Union College, 1996. 

E. Eisenberg, A. Gopher, and R. Greenberg. Tel Te’o — A Neolithic, Chalcolithic, and Early Bronze Age Site in The Hula Valley. Israel Antiquities Authority Reports 13. Jerusalem: Israel Antiquities Authority, 2001. 

R. Greenberg. Early Urbanizations in the Levant: A Regional Narrative. New Approaches to Anthropological Archaeology. London: LeicesterUniversity Press, 2002.  

R. Greenberg, E. Eisenberg, S. Paz and Y. Paz. Bet Yerah—The Early Bronze Age Mound: Vol. I—Excavation Reports 1933–1986. IAA Reports 30. Jerusalem: Israel Antiquities Authority, 2006.  

R. Greenberg and A. Keinan. The Present Past of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Israeli Archaeology in the West Bank and East Jerusalem Since 1967. S. Daniel Abraham Center for International and Regional Studies: Research Paper 1. Tel Aviv, 2007. 

R. Greenberg and A. Keinan. Israeli Archaeological Activity in the West Bank and East Jerusalem: A Sourcebook. Ostracon Press, 2009. 180 pp. digital database.

R. Greenberg and Y. Goren eds., Transcaucasian Migrants and the Khirbet Kerak Culture in the Third Millennium BCE (Tel Aviv 36/2). Tel Aviv 2009.

Selected Articles 

New Light on the Early Iron Age at Tell Beit Mirsim. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 265 (1987): 55–80.

The Ramat ha-Nadiv Tumulus Field: Preliminary Report. Israel Exploration Journal 42 (1992): 129–152.

R. Greenberg and N. Porat. A Third Millennium Levantine Pottery Production Center: The Typology, Petrography, and Provenance of the Metallic Ware of Northern Israel and Adjacent Regions. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 301 (1996): 5–24.

R. Greenberg,  L.K. Horwitz, O. Lernau, H. Mienis, H. Khalaily and O. Marder. A Sounding at Tel Na`ama in the HulaValley. ‘Atiqot 35 (1998): 9–35.

An Early Bronze Age I and II Tomb at Gadot. ‘Atiqot 42 (2001): 79–94.

Early Bronze Age Megiddo and Bet Shean: Discontinuous Settlement in Socio-Political Context. Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 16 (2003):17–32.

S. Bunimovitz and R. Greenberg. Revealed in their Cups: Syrian Drinking Practices in Intermediate Bronze Age Canaan. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 334 (2004): 19–32.

R. Greenberg and Y. Paz. The Early Bronze Age Fortifications of Tel Bet Yerah. Levant 37 (2005): 81–103.

R. Greenberg and G. Cinamon. Stamped and Incised Jar Handles from Rogem Gannim, and Their Implications for the Political Economy of Jerusalem, Late 8th–Early 4th Centuries BCE. Tel Aviv 33 (2006): 229–243.

What’s Cooking in EB II? In P. de Miroschedji and A. Maeir eds. I Will Speak the Riddles of Ancient Times: Archaeological and Historical Studies in Honor of Amihai Mazar on the Occasion of his Sixtieth Birthday. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2006. Pp. 39-47.

Transcaucasian Colors: Khirbet Kerak Ware at Khirbet Kerak (Tel Bet Yerah). In  B. Lyonnet ed. Les cultures des Caucase (VIe–IIIe millénaires avant notre ère).Paris: CNRS Editions, 2007. Pp. 257–268.

Notes on the Early Bronze Age Pottery: The 1998–2000 Seasons. In I. Finkelstein, D. Ussishkin, and B. Halpern eds. Megiddo IV. Tel Aviv: Institute of Archaeology, 2006. Pp. 149–165.

Loyal Servants: Relations Between Archaeologists and the Establishment in Israel. In M. Feige and Z. Shiloni eds. An Axe to Grind: Archaeology and Nationalism in Israel. Ben GurionUniversity, 2008, pp. 105-119 (Hebrew).

Towards an Inclusive Archaeology in Jerusalem: The Case of Silwan/The City of David. Public Archaeology 8/1 (2009): 35-50. 

Extreme Exposure: Archaeology in Jerusalem1967-2007. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 11(2009): 262-281.

M. Iserlis, R. Greenberg, R. Badalyan and Y. Goren. Bet Yerah, Aparan III and Karnut I: Preliminary Observations on Kura-Araxes Homeland and Diaspora Ceramic Technologies. TUBA-Ar 13 (2010): 245-262.

R. Greenberg and G. Cinamon. Excavations at the Rogem Gannim Site (Rujm at-Tarud), 2000–2006. ‘Atiqot 66 (2011): 79 – 106. 

Traveling in (World) Time: Transformation, Commoditization, and the Beginnings of Urbanism in the Southern Levant. In T. Wilkinson, S. Sherratt and J. Bennet. eds. Interweaving Worlds: Systemic Interactions in Eurasia, 7th to 1st Millennia BC. Oxbow, 2011. Pp. 231-242.

Life in the City: Tel Bet Yerah in the Early Bronze Age. In M. Chesson ed. Life in Early Bronze Age Communities: Papers in Honor of Walter Rast and R. Thomas Schaub. WinonaLake: Eisenbrauns, 2011. Pp. 41-54.

Introduction: The Early Bronze Age. In M.L. Steiner and A.E. Killebrew eds. The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Levant (ca. 8000 – 332 BCE). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

R. Greenberg and G. Palumbi. Corridors and Colonies: Comparing Fourth-Third Millennia BC Interactions in Southeast Anatolia and the Levant. In A.B. Knapp and P. van Dommelen eds. The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean


Research Grants (all as sole PI)

Shelby White - Leon Levy Program for Archaeological Publication grant, 2001–2004: The Publication of the Excavations at Tel Bet Yerah (Khirbet Al-Karak). $87,000

IsraelScience Foundation, 2001–2005: Tel Bet Yerah after Seventy Years, Stratigraphic Synthesis, Site Formation, and Socio-Cultural Context. $94,500

Internal grant, Tel-Aviv University, 2003-4: Multidisciplinary study of the Circles Building at Tel Bet Yerah. $3000

US Institute for Peace, 2005-6. Analytical Map of Archaeological Activity in the Israeli-Occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem since 1967. $10,000

Israel Science Foundation, 2006–2008: Khirbet Kerak (Bet Yerah) Ware: Chronological, Technological and Cultural Perspectives. $106,000

National Geographic Society Research Grant, 2007: Excavations at the Tel Bet Yerah/Khirbet Kerak Granary. $12,000

University of Southern California, Center for Religion and Civic Culture, 2007–2008:West BankArchaeological Database. $13,400

Shelby White - Leon Levy Program for Archaeological Publication grant, 2008–2009: The Publication of the Hellenistic and Later Strata at Tel Bet Yerah (Khirbet Al-Karak). $45,000

Israel Science Foundation 2009–2011: Comparative Technological Study and Database of the Kuro-Araxes Ceramic Tradition and Its Derivatives. $110,000.

Israel Science Foundation 2012-2015: High Resolution Study of Households, Foodways and Cultural Interaction at Tel Bet Yerah, EB II to EB III. $114,000.

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