Prof. Y.Michael[Michael Barilan] Barilan

Medicine Dean & Assoc. Deans
דיקאנט ומנהל הפקולטה לרפואה סגל אקדמי בכיר
Prof. Y.Michael[Michael Barilan] Barilan
Phone: 03-6405955
Fax: 03-6406916
Office: Sackler School of Medicine, 749


My own personal interests encompass moral theory and the intersections among bioethics, social history and related normative domains, such as law and religion, especially Halakhah (Jewish religious law). I explore human rights law and international humanitarian law in the light of the contemporary ethical and meta-ethical discourse. Another aspect of my work aims at developing better understanding and tools of deliberation in bioethics as a psycho-moral process and as socially constructed events of legitimization and education. I am intrigued by the incorporation of the history and philosophy of ideas such as conscience, responsibility, hope and doubt in clinical reality and medical education.


Another branch of research is the socio-historical and moral ideas in the representation of illness and medicine in Western visual art, since the late middle ages through contemporary and experimental art.


Ongoing research projects are:

  1. Moral psychology and the notion of ethical expertise in medical education.
  2. The history of karyotyping exams in questions of gender (e.g. gender verification in sport).
  3. Ethics and law of military, humanitarian and disaster medicine.
  4. The regulation of cloning in international law.
  5. New born screening and the regulation of large, public-health data banks.
  6. Human rights and international humanitarian law.


Our group’s chief aim is to integrate deep theoretical knowledge and creativity with applied problems, contextualizing their ethical dimensions historically and socially. Efforts are made in the direction of cross-disciplinary work, especially through participation in the activities of the new Edmund J. Safra Center for Ethics, Tel Aviv University.


Academic Publications




Barilan, YM, Human dignity, human rights and responsibility: the new language of global bioethics ad bio-law. Cambridge (MA): MIT Press, 2012.  301 pages (monograph)


Barilan YM, Jewish bioethics: rabbinic law and theology in their social and historical contexts. Cambridge University Press, 2014.  252 pages (monograph)


Barilan YM. Medical Ethics in Judaism: History, Halakhah and Israeli Law. Magnes 2019 [Hebrew] 512 pages (monograph)


Barilan, YM, Brusa M. and Ciechanover A. (eds.) Can Personalized Medicine be Precise; Can Precision Medicine be Personal. Oxford University Press. 2022.


ORIGINAL ARTICLES in peer reviewed journals


  1. Yarnitsky D, Sprecher E, Barilan Y, Hemele J. Corpus cavernosum electromyogram: spontaneous and evoked electrical activities.
    The Journal of Urology 1995; 153:653-4.
  2. Barilan YM, Hertzano R, Weintraub M. Bedside humanities.
    The Israeli Medical Association Journal 2000; 2:327-31.
  3. Barilan YM, Weintraub M. The naturalness of the artificial and our concepts of health, disease and medicine.
    Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy 2001; 4:311-25.
  4. Barilan YM, Weintraub M. Pantagruelism: A Rabelaisian inspiration for understanding poisoning, euthanasia and abortion in the Hippocratic Oath and in contemporary clinical practice.
    Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2001; 22:269-86.
  5. Barilan YM, Weintraub M. Persuasion as respect for persons.
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 2001; 26:13-34.
  6. Barilan YM, Sharon D. On bedside medical humanities.
    Harefuah 2001:1196-200. [Hebrew]
    not ranked
  7. Barilan YM. Medicine as grooming behaviour: potlatch of care and distributive justice.
    Health 2002; 6:237-59.
  8. Barilan YM. Microhypnosis. A preliminary name for introducing elements from hypnosis into doctor-patient interaction.
    Hypnos 2002; 29:112-23.
  9. Barilan YM. Headcounting vs. Heartcounting: an examination of the recent case of the conjoined twins from Malta.
    Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 2002; 45:593-605.
  10. Shmotkin D, Barilan YM. Expressions of holocaust experience and their relationships with mental symptoms and physical morbidity among holocaust survivor patients.
    Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2002; 14:115-34.
  11. Barilan YM. One or Two? Re-examination of the recent case of the conjoined twins from Malta.
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 2003; 28:27-44.
  12. Barilan YM. Revisiting the problem of Jewish Bioethics: The case of terminal care.
    Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 2003; 13:143-70.
  13. Barilan YM. The Israeli Bioethical discourse and the Steinberg Report Regarding a proposed Bill of Rights of the Terminally Ill.
    Ethik in der Medizin 2003; 15:59-62.
  14. Barilan YM. Care of conjoined twins: lessons for the ethics of abortion.
    Bulletin of the Israeli Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2003; 1:52-5.
  15. Barilan YM. Of doctor-patient sex and assisted suicide.
    Israeli Medical Association Journal 2003; 5:460-3.
  16. Barilan YM. The terminal patient: Jewish religious law, the Steinberg report and the bioethical discourse in Israel.
    Harefuah 2003; 142:558-62. [Hebrew]
  17. Barilan YM. Abtreibung, verstümmelung und Umwelethik. Lektionen aus drei Gedankenexperimenten.
    Ethik in der Medizin 2003; 14:282-94. [German]
  18. Barilan YM. Her sorrow comes first: abortion in Halakhah and Israeli Law.
    Re'fuah U'mishpat [Medicine & Law] 2003; 29:72-101. [Hebrew]
  19. Barilan YM. Medicine in the eyes of the artist: before and after the holocaust.
    Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 2004; 47:120-34.
  20. Barilan YM. Terminal sedation, terminal elation and medical parsimony.
    Ethics and Medicine 2004; 20:151-65.
  21. Barilan YM. The vision of vegetarianism and peace: Rabbi Kook on the ethical treatment of animals.
    History of the Human Sciences 2004; 17:69-101.
  22. Bar Ilan N, Koffman R, Barilan YM. The very low birth weight neonate.
    Assia 2004; 63-4:94-103. [Hebrew]
  23. Barilan YM. Is the clock ticking for the terminally ill patients in Israel?
    Journal of Medical Ethics 2004; 30:353-7.
  24. Barilan YM. Towards a dialogue between utilitarianism and medicine.
    Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy 2004; 7:163-73.
  25. Bar Ilan N, Barilan YM. Enforcing medical treatments.
    Tehumin 2005; 26:22-44 [Hebrew]
  26. Barilan YM. Abortion in Jewish religious law: neighbourly love, Imago Dei and the Medieval blood libel.
    Review of Rabbinic Judaism 2005; 8:1-34.
  27. Barilan YM. Speciesism as precondition to justice.
    Politics and the Life Sciences 2005; 23:22-33.
  28. Barilan YM. The story of the body and the story of the person: towards an ethics of representing human bodies and body-parts.
    Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy 2005; 8:193-205.
  29. Barilan YM. On the negative account of the self.
    The Pluralist 2006; 1:68-87.
  30. Barilan YM. Bodyworlds and the ethics of using human remains: a preliminary discussion.
    Bioethics, 2006; 20:233-247.
  31. Barilan YM. Contemporary art and the ethics of anatomy.
    Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 2007; 50:104-23.
  32. Barilan YM. The Doctor by Luke Fildes: an icon in context.
    Journal of Medical Humanities 2007; 28:59-80.
  33. Barilan YM. In search for the historical roots of human rights and dignity.
    Internet Journal of Catholic Bioethics fall, 2007.
  34. Barilan YM. On neighborly love and on the doctor as a friend.
    Assia 2007; 69-70:95-131. [Hebrew]
  35. Barilan YM. The new Israeli law on the care of the terminally ill.
    Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 2007; 50:557-71.
  36. Barilan YM, Brusa M. Human rights and bioethics.
    Journal of Medical Ethics 2008; 34:379-83.
  37. Turoldo F, Barilan YM. The concept of responsibility: three stages in its evolution in bioethics.
    Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2008; 17:114-23.
  38. Brusa M, Barilan YM. Cultural circumcision in EU public hospitals: an ethical discussion.
    Bioethics 2009; 23:470-482.
  39. Barilan YM. Responsibility as a meta-virtue: truth-telling, deliberation and wisdom in medical professionalism.
    Journal of Medical Ethics 2009; 35:153-158.
  40. Barilan YM. Nozick Experience machine and terminal care: revisiting hedonism.
    Medicine Healthcare and Philosophy 2009; 12:399-407.
  41. Barilan YM. Screening tests in Jewish law and theology.
    Assia 2009; 22(85-86):12-30 [Hebrew]
  42. Barilan YM. From Imago Dei in the Jewish-Christian traditions to human dignity in contemporary Jewish law.
    Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 2009; 19:231-259.
  43. Barilan YM. Judaism, human dignity and the most vulnerable women on earth.
    American Journal of Bioethics 2009; 9:35-37.
  44. Barilan YM. The value of life in Judaism.
    Studia Bioethica 2009; 2:11-21.
  45. Barilan YM. Her pain prevails and her judgment respected: abortion in Jewish law and in the laws of the state of Israel.
    Journal of Law and Religion 2010; 25:97-186.
  46. Shani R, Gross S, Barilan YM. Exploring Kuhn’s concept of a “scientific paradigm”: the case of the “XYY hypothesis”.
    The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society 2010; 6:47-56.
  47. Barilan YM, Brusa M. Triangular reflective equilibrium: A consciences based method for bioethical deliberation.
    2011; 25:304-319.
  48. Barilan YM. Respect for personal autonomy and the problem of botched autonomy.
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 2011;
  49. Barilan YM. From hope in palliative care to hope as a virtue and a life skill. (An original keynote article with a response to reviewers, marked 51b)
    Philosophy, Psychiatry and Psychology. 2012; 19:164-181. (not ranked)
  50. Barilan YM. Hope and friendship: Being and Having.
    Philosophy Psychiatry and Psychology 2012, 19:191-195. (not ranked)
  51. Barilan YM. Ulysses contracts and the nocebo effect.
    American Journal of Bioethics 2012; 12(3):37-39.  (Ethics 1/51, IF 4.847,  Q1)
  52. Shani R, Barilan YM. Excellence, deviance and gender: lessons from the XYY episode.
    American Journal of Bioethics 2012; 12(7):27-30.  (Ethics 1/51, IF 4.847,  Q1)
  53. Barilan YM, Brusa M. Deliberation at the hub of medical education: beyond virtue ethics and code of practice.
    Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2013; 16:3-12. (7/47 History and Philosophy of Science, IF=1.45 Q1)
  54. Barilan YM. From altruism to altruistic punishment: criticism of giving priority to holders of donor cards.
    HaRefu’a 2014; 153: 223-225 [Hebrew]. (not ranked)
  55. Notzer N, Abramowittz R, Gross S. and Barilan YM. Ethical clinical training (ECT) during the first rotation and its relation to students' satisfaction and personal growth. 
    Journal of Contemporary Medical Education 2014; 2(1):42-47. (not ranked)
  56. Barilan YM. Rethinking the withholding / withdrawing distinction" the cultural construction of "life support" and the framing of end-of-life decisions".
    Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2015; 10:10
  57. Barilan YM. Moral enhancement, gnosticism and some philosophical paradoxes.
    Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2015; 24:75-85.
  58. Barilan YM. Terror and the Leviathan.
    Pragmatics and Cognition 2016; 23:461-472.
    (not ranked)
  59. Asman O. and Barilan YM. The songs of the sirens and the wax in the ears: an autonomy-based tool for DBS device users.
    AJOB Neuroscience 2017; 8(2):120-122   (IF 4.847, Ethics 1/51,  Q1)
  60. Barilan YM. The role of doctors in hunger strikes.
    Kennedy Institute of ethics Journal 2017; 27:341-369. (IF=1.04, 28/54 Ethics, Q3)
  61. Barilan YM and Asman O. Research ethics, military medical ethics and the challenges of International humanitarian law.
    American Journal of Bioethics 2017; 17(10)53-65. (Ethics 1/51, IF 4.847,  Q1)
  62. Dolberg S and Barilan YM. Practicing resuscitation on a freshly dead baby.
    Harefu’a 2018; 157:262-264 [Hebrew]  (not ranked)
  63. Barilan YM. The missing Yemenite children: medicalization of immigration and de-medicalization of a historical narrative. Medical Law and Bioethics 2020; 8:125-189. [Hebrew] (not ranked)
  64. Lehman, J., Barilan YM and Gannot I. Age-Related Hearing Loss, Speech Understanding and Cognitive Technologies. International Journal of Speech Technology.  2021 (IF 1.22, Language and Linguistics (Q2); Linguistics and Language (Q2); Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (Q3); Human-Computer Interaction (Q3); Software (Q3). )
  65. Barilan YM Allocation of respirators in the Coronavirus crisis in Israel: an ethical analysis and a scheme for triage. Israeli Medical Association Journal 2021; 23:274-278
  66. Brusa M and Barilan YM. Voluntary COVID-19 vaccination of children: a social responsibility. Journal of Medical Ethics 2021; doi:10.1136/medethics-2021-107370





1.         Barilan YM. Abortion. Encyclopedia of Judaism 2nd ed. (Leiden, Brill), 2006, pp. 1-15.

2.         Barilan YM. Biomedical ethics & Halakha – approaches to. Encyclopedia of Judaism 2nd ed. (Leiden, Brill), 2006, pp. 277-303.

3.         Barilan, YM.  Anatomy. Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics 2nd ed. Chadwick (ed.) San Diego: Academic Press, 2012, pp. 116-126.

4.         Barilan YM. and Brusa M. Triage. Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics. H. Ten Have (ed.) New York: Springer, 2016.

5.         Barilan YM. And Brusa M. Bioethics Education. Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics. H. Ten Have (ed.) New York: Springer, 2016.

6.         Barilan YM. Imago Dei. In (Homolka ed.) De Gruyter: Encyclopedia of Jewish-Christian Relations (EJCR). De Gruyter.





  1. Barilan YM. Jewish aspects of health and quality of life.
    In: Gimmler A, Lenk C, Aumueller G. (eds.) Health and Quality of Life. Philosophical, Medical, and Cultural Aspects. Vol. 9. Münster: Lit-Verlag, 2002, pp. 157-72.


  1. Barilan YM. Ethical issues in multiple-pregnancy: a non essentialist point of view.
    In: Blickstein I, Keith LG, (eds.) Multiple pregnancy: epidemiology, gestation & perinatal outcome. 2nd ed. London: Parthenon, 2004; pp. 903-912 (ch. 109).


  1. Barilan YM, Siegal G. Stem cell research: an Israeli perspective.
    In: Bender, Hauskeller, Manzei, (eds.) Crossing borders. Cultural, religious and political differences concerning stem cell research. Munster, Agenda Verlag, 2005, pp. 293-324.


  1. Barilan YM. The debate on cloning: some contributions from the Jewish tradition.
    In: Roetz H, Frey C. (eds.) Cloning: a multicultural perspective. Berlin / London: Rodopi, 2005, pp. 311-340.


  1. Barilan YM. Neighborly love and Imago Dei – abortion in Jewish law and in the Law of Israel.
    In: Davis J, Sahar I. (eds.) The right to be born healthy. Tel Aviv, Heilliger, 2007. Pages missing.


  1. Barilan YM. La dignità umana: nella tradizione ebraica.
    In: Furlan E. (ed.) Bioetica e dignità umana: interpretazioni a confronto a partire dalla Convenzione di Oviedo. Milano, Franco
    Angeli, 2009; pp. 163-181.


  1. Barilan YM. Abortion.
    In: Chadwick R, Ten Have H, Meslin E. (eds.) Healthcare ethics in the era of globalization. New York, Sage, 2011; pp. 127-144.


  1. Barilan YM. The biomedical uses of the body: lessons from the history of human rights and dignity.
    In: Lenk C, Hoppe N, Beier K. (eds.) Human tissue research: A European perspective on the ethical and legal challenges. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011; pp. 3-14.

  2. Barilan YM. When inmates are silent, the walls bear witness.
    In: Malik S. (ed.) Hanging: Aya Ben Ron. Berlin: Hatje Cantz, 2012. pp.177-181.


  1. Barilan YM, Zuckerman S. Revisiting medical neutrality as a moral value.
    In: Gross, M. and Carrick, D. (eds.) Military Medical Ethics for the 21st Century. Farnham (UK): Ashgate, 2013; pp. 97-110.


  1. Barilan YM, Brusa M, Halpern P. Triage in disaster medicine: ethical strategies in various scenarios.
    In: Gordijn B, O’Mathuna D, Macklin R. (eds.) Ethics in disaster medicine. Dordrecht: Springer, 2014; pp. 49-64.


  1. Barilan YM. Reflections on human vulnerability and the rabbinic perspective on medical ethics.
    In: Tham J. (Ed.) Religious Perspectives on Human Vulnerability in Bioethics. Dordrecht: Springer, 2014; ch.10.


  1. Barilan YM. Bedside rationing or rational planning: in search for perspective on medical need and safety.
    In: Masin M, Fleck L, Hurst S. (eds.) Fair Resource Allocation and Rationing at the Bedside. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015; pp. 145-170.


  1. Barilan YM, Barnea R. Routine medical care in the military.
    In: Siegal G. (ed.) Bioethics blue and white. Jerusalem: Bialik Institute 2015; pp. 426-454. [Hebrew]


  1. Brusa M and Barilan YM Newborn screening on the cusp of genetic screening. From solidarity in public health to personal counseling.
    In Peterman HI, Harper PS, and Doetz S. (eds). History of Human Genetics: Aspects of its Development in Global Perspectives. New York: Springer, 2017. pp. 503-522.


  1. Brusa M and Barilan YM. Childbirth in Israel with special attention to home birth and newborn screening. In Lavi S. and Boas H. (eds.) Bio-Israel. Cambridge University Press. 2018. pp. 180-201.


  1. Barilan YM.  Imperfect pregnancies: a history of birth defects & prenatal diagnosis. Medicine Healthcare and Philosophy 2019; 22:147-151.


  1. Asman O & Barilan YM. A Solidarity-Based Framework for Ethical Clinical Research in CBRNE Crises. in Ethics and Law for Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear & Explosive Crises  (Editors: Dónal P. O'Mathúna & Iñigo de Miguel Beriain, (Springer Academic Publishing, 2019) 135-145.
  2. Asman O & Barilan YM. End-of-Life Medical Decisions in Israeli Law – How Jewish Law presents itself Between a Principlist and a Situationist Medico-Legal Approach (Editor: Nathan Emmerich, Pierre Mallia, Bert Gordijn, Francesca Pistoia), 'Contemporary European Perspectives on the Ethics of End of Life Care’, Philosophy and Medicine vol. 136 .Springer Academic Publishing, 2020. 105-115
  3. Barilan YM. Individuation that threatens personalization. In  Barilan, YM, Brusa M. and Ciechanover A. (eds) Can Personalized Medicine be Precise; Can Precision Medicine be Personal. Oxford University Press. 2022
  4. Weissinger, Y. and Barilan YM. Genetic profiling: a Jewish perspective. In Barilan, YM, Brusa M. and Ciechanover A. (eds) Can Personalized Medicine be Precise; Can Precision Medicine be Personal. Oxford University Press. 2022.
  5. Barilan YM. and Brusa M. From personalizing problems to problematizing persons. Introduction. In Barilan, YM, Brusa M. and Ciechanover A. (eds) Can Personalized Medicine be Precise; Can Precision Medicine be Personal. Oxford University Press. 2022
  6. Barilan YM. Bioethics and suffering. In  Grössl J. (ed.). T&T Clark Handbook on Suffering and the Problem of Evil. (forthcoming)


Review Articles in peer-reviewed journals


  1. Barilan YM. Twins in art and medicine.
    Twin Research 2002; 5:142.

  2. Barilan YM. Medical Humanities.
    Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2002; 5:160-1.

  3. Barilan YM. A good death.
    Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2003; 6:176-7.

  4. Barilan YM. Pathologies of Power.
    Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2004; 7:351-2.

  5. Barilan YM. Conjoined twins.
    JAMA 2004; 291:2761-2.

  6. Barilan YM. Epicurus and the good death.
    Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2007; 28:151-2.

  7. Barilan YM. The sanctity of human life.
    Medicine Healthcare and Philosophy 2008: 11:364.

  8. Barilan YM. Humanism and bio-technology.
    T’cheleth, 2009; Spring, pp. 13-16 [Hebrew]

  9. Barilan YM. Management of post-mortem pregnancy.
    Medicine Healthcare and Philosophy 2009; 12:112.

  10. Barilan YM. Informed consent: between waiver and excellence in responsible deliberation.
    Medicine Healthcare and Philosophy 2010; 13:89-95.

  11. Barilan YM. The dilemma of good clinical practice in the study of compromised standards of care.
    Critical Care 2010; 14(4):176. Epub Jul 15.

  12. Lehmann J, Barilan YM. De-contructing de-mentia: a personal and person oriented perspective of de-personalization and moral status.
    Medicine Healthcare and Philosophy 2015; 18:153-158.

  13. Barilan YM. Jews and Genes: The Genetic Future in Contemporary Jewish Thought.
    American Journal of Bioethics 2016; 16(4): 10-11.
  14. Barilan YM.  Imperfect pregnancies: a history of birth defects & prenatal diagnosis. Medicine Healthcare and Philosophy 2019; 22:147-151.





  1. Barilan YM and Weisinger Y. From a sea-snail to the heavenly throne: wild fauna in Jewish law and spirituality. In von Braun J., Kauffels T, Raven P, Vogel J and Sanchez Sorondo M (eds.) Science and actions for species protection. Noah’s ark for the 20th century. Vatican: Pontifical Academy of Sciences, 2020. 245-257.


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