Prof. Jonathan Ben Dov

Department of Bible
חוג למקרא סגל אקדמי בכיר
Prof. Jonathan Ben Dov
Phone: 03-6407208
Office: Rosenberg - Jewish Studies, 118

General Information

Jonathan Ben-Dov is professor at the Department of Biblical Studies. He teaches the Hebrew Bible, literature of the Second Temple era, and Ancient Near Eastern literature. Formerly a faculty member at the University of Haifa. Active in several projects aimed at improving available editions of the Dead Sea Scrolls, with some use of digital tools and computational methods. Studies astronomy and calendars in the ancient world, as well as the history of the biblical text and the creation of Jewish Apocalyptic literature.




Scripta Qumranica Electronica

Integrating linguistic-stylistic and semantic features for computerized study of authorship questions in the dead sea scrolls (with Roded Sharan, Funded by the Israel Ministry of Science)

Re-edition of 4QInstruction (with a team of scholars)

Re-edition of the Cryptic texts from Qumran (with a team of scholars)

The early history of the 12-hour day (with a team of scholars)

Jewish Apocalyptic Literature and the Hellenistic Levant (cooperation with project MAP, Funded by Israel Science Foundation)

The Early history of the Proto-Masoretic Text

Critical Edition of the Book of the Twelve, HBCE (with Russel Fuller)



Dead Sea Scrolls, textual criticism, apocalyptic literature, time measurement in the ancient world, digital humanities, Ancient Near East in the first millennium B.C., Jews and the Hellenistic world, the biblical books of Psalms, Job, Amos, and others.




 ORCID number: 0000-0002-5346-6950



S. Talmon, J. Ben-Dov and U. Glessmer, Calendrical Texts. Qumran Cave 4 XVI (Discoveries in the Judaean Desert  XXI; Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2001). 263pp. + plates. 

J. Ben-Dov, Head of All Years: Astronomy and Calendars at Qumran in their Ancient Context (Studies in the Texts from the Desert of Judah 78; Leiden: Brill, 2008). 

Jonathan Ben-Dov, Asaf Gayer and Eshbal Ratzon, Material and Digital Reconstruction of Fragmentary Dead Sea Scrolls. The Case of 4Q418a.. Leiden: Brill, 2022. (Open Access)


Books edited

Co-editor of Megillot vols. 10-15 (Hebrew).

J. Ben-Dov, W. Horowitz and J. Steele (eds.), Living the Lunar Calendar (Oxford: Oxbow Books), 2012 (equal work of editors). 387pp.

J. Ben-Dov and S.L. Sanders (eds.), Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature (ISAW and New York University Press, 2014). 

J. Ben-Dov and L. Doering (eds.), The Construction of Time in Antiquity, Cambridge University Press. (equal work of editors) 2017. 296pp.

Michal Bar-Asher Siegal and Jonathan Ben-Dov (eds.), Social History of the Jews. Studies in Dialogue with Albert Baumgarten. TSAJ. Mohr Siebeck, 2021.


Jonathan Ben-Dov and Felipe Rojas (eds.), Afterlives of Ancient Rock-Cut Monuments in the Near East. Carvings In and Out of Time, Culture and History of the Ancient Near East 123 (Brill: Leiden, 2021) 


Articles in Refereed Journals

S. Talmon and J. Ben-Dov, "4Q326 – A Festival Calendar from Qumran", Tarbiz 68 (1999) 167-176 (Hebrew).


J. Ben-Dov, “A Presumed Citation of Esther 3:7 in 4QDb”, Dead Sea Discoveries 6 (1999) 282-284. 


J. Ben-Dov, “A Textual Problem and its Form-Critical Solution: Jeremiah 10:1-16”, Textus 20 (2000) 97-128


J. Ben-Dov, “The Initial Stages of Lunar Theory at Qumran”, Journal of Jewish Studies 54 (2003) 125-138. 


J. Ben-Dov and W. Horowitz, "The 364-Day-Year in Mesopotamia and Qumran", Megillot 1 (2003) 3-26 (Hebrew). 

J. Ben-Dov, Psalm 72: The King and the Sun", review article on: M. Arneth, “Sonne der Gerechtigkeit”. Studien zur Solarisierung der Jahwe-Religion im Lichte von Psalm 72 (Wiesbaden: Harrasowitz, 2000), Shnaton – Annual of Bible and ANE, 14 (2004) 303-313 (Hebrew).

J. Ben-Dov and W. Horowitz, “The Babylonian Lunar Three in Qumran Calendars”, Zeitschrift für Assyriologie 95 (2005) 104-120. 

J. Ben-Dov, “Was there a Worldview in the Hebrew Bible?”, review article of : B. Janowski and B. Ego (eds.), Das biblische Weltbild und seine altorientalischen Kontexte (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2001), Shnaton – Annual for Bible and ANE 15 (2005) 297-307 (Hebrew). 


J. Ben-Dov, “dwq and Lunar Phases in Qumran Calendars: New Mesopotamian Evidence”, Megillot 3 (2005) 3-28 (Hebrew).


J. Ben-Dov, “Theological Implications of Mesopotamian Divination and Astrology”, review article of: F. Rochberg, The Heavenly Writing. Divination, Horoscopy and Astronomy in Mesopotamian Culture (Cambridge: CUP, 2004), Shnaton – Annual for Bible and ANE 16 (2006) 287-300 (Hebrew). 


J. Ben-Dov, “The Poor’s Curse: Exodus xxii 20-26 and Curse Literature in the Ancient World”, Vetus Testamentum 56 (2006) 321-341.


J. Ben-Dov, “Jubilean Chronology and the 364-day Year”, Megillot 5-6 (2007) 49-59. (Hebrew)


J. Ben-Dov, “A New Exegetical Method of the Psalms”, review article of: F.L. Hossfeld and E. Zenger, Psalms 51-100 (Hermeneia; Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 2005), Shnaton – Annual for Bible and ANE 17 (2007) 331-346.


J. Ben-Dov, “Writing as Oracle and as Law: New Contexts for the Book-Find of King Josiah”, Journal of Biblical Literature 127 (2008) 123-139. 


J. Ben-Dov and S. Saulnier, “Qumran Calendars: A History of Research 1980-2007”, Currents in Biblical Research 7 (2008) 124-168.  


J. Ben-Dov, “Studies on the New Year Festivals in Babylonia and Israel”, review article of E. Blum and R. Lux (eds.), Festtraditionen in Israel und im Alten Orient (Veröffentlichungen der Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft für Theologie, 28), Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlaghaus, 2006, Shnaton – Annual for Bible and ANE 18 (2008) 249-267 (Hebrew).  


J. Ben-Dov, “Hebrew and Aramaic Writing in the Pseudepigrapha and the Qumran Scrolls: The Ancient Near Eastern Background and the Quest for a Written Authority”, Tarbiz 78 (2009) 27-60 (Hebrew).


J. Ben-Dov, “Religion of the Book: from the Scribal Workshop to the Heavenly Vision”, review article of K. van der Toorn, Scribal Culture and the Making of the Hebrew Bible, Harvard UP, 2007, in: Shnaton – Annual for Bible and ANE 20 (2010), pp. 237-259 (Hebrew).  


J. Ben-Dov, “The Elohistic Psalter and Writing the Divine Name at Qumran”, Megillot 8-9 (2010) 53-80 (Hebrew).


J. Ben-Dov, "A Neo-Assyrian Astronomical Term in the Babylonian Talmud", Journal of the American Oriental Society 130 (2010) 267-270. 


J. Ben-Dov, “Psalm 104:19, Ben-Sirah, and the History of Calendar Polemics in Ancient Israel”, Journal of Jewish Studies 62 (2011) 7-20. 


J. Ben-Dov, “Time and Identity: The Hellenistic Background of the Calendar Treatise in Jubilees 6”, Megillot 10 (2013) 31-56 (Hebrew).


J. Ben-Dov, “Early Texts of the Torah: Revisiting the Greek Scholarly Context”, Journal of Ancient Judaism 4 (2013) 210-234. 


J. Ben-Dov and Daniel Stökl Ben Ezra, "4Q249 Midrash Moshe: A New Reading and Its Implications", Dead Sea Discoveries 21 (2014) 131-149. 


J. Ben-Dov, “Halakhah and the Qumran Scrolls”. Review article of: C. Werman and A. Shemesh, Legallot Nistarot. Parshanut ve-Halakha Bimgillot Qumran, Cathedra 154 (2015) 163-178 (Hebrew). 


J. Ben-Dov and E. Ratzon, "The Oath and the Name in 1 Enoch 69", Journal of Semitic Studies 60 (2015) 19-51.


J. Ben-Dov, “Language, Prayer and Prophecy in the Qumran Scrolls”, Megillot 11-12 (2014-2015), 257-279 (Hebrew).


J. Ben-Dov, “The Dynamic of Word Pairs in Biblical Cosmological Poetry”, Beit Mikra 61 (2016) 5-30 (Hebrew).  


A. Gayer, D. Stökl Ben Ezra, and J. Ben-Dov, “A New Join of Two Fragments of 4QCryptA Serekh haEdah and its Implications”, Dead Sea Discoveries 23 (2016):139-154. 


J. Ben-Dov, “Apocalyptic Temporality: The Force of the Here and Now”, Hebrew Bible and Ancient Israel 5 (2016): 17-31


J. Ben-Dov, D. Stökl Ben Ezra, and A. Gayer, “Reconstruction of a Single Copy of the Qumran Cave 4 Cryptic-Script Serekh haEdah”, Revue de Qumran 29, 1 (2017): 21-77.


J. Ben-Dov, “Justice and the City: A Reading of Amos 3:9-15”, Vetus Testamentum 67 (2017): 528-545. 

E. Ratzon and J. Ben-Dov, “A Newly Reconstructed Calendrical Scroll from Qumran Cave 4”, Journal of Biblical Literature 136 (2017): 905-936. 


J. Ben-Dov, “Nebuchadnezzar: Seeing Twice Double in Babylonia and the Levant”, Hebrew Bible and Ancient Israel 7 (2018): 3-16. V


Y. Bloch, J. Ben-Dov, and D. Stökl Ben Ezra, “The Rule of the Congregation from Cave 1 of Qumran: A New Edition”, Revue des Études Juives 178,1-2 (2019), 1-46. 


J. Ben-Dov, “Flood in the Lebanon Forest: Mythological Relics in the Dead Sea Scrolls”, Megillot 14 (2018-2019) 189-203.


J. Ben-Dov, “Family Relations and the Economic-Metaphysical Message of Instruction”, Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha 30 (2020) 87-100.

J. Ben-Dov, “An Early Halakhic Midrash in the Fragments of 4Q249 Midrash Moshe”, Megillot 15 (2021) 3-20 (Hebrew). 

Roy Abitbol, Ilan Shimshoni and Jonathan Ben-Dov, “Machine Learning Based Assembly of Fragments of Ancient Papyrus”, ACM Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage 14, 3 (2021), article 33.

J. Ben-Dov, “A 360-Day Administrative Year in Ancient Israel: Judahite Desk Calendars and the Flood Account”, Harvard Theological Review 114 (2021) 431-450. 



J. Ben-Dov, “A New Reading and Interpretation of the Introduction to Musar Lemevin (4Q417 1 i)”, Megillot 16 (forthcoming, in Hebrew)


Articles or Chapters in Scientific Books 

J. Ben-Dov, “Treasures of Light”, in: Z. Talshir and D. Amara (eds.), On the Border Line. Textual Meets Literary Criticism (Beer Sheva 18; Beer Sheva: Ben-Gurion UP, 2005) 155-162 (Hebrew).


J. Ben-Dov, “Exegetical Notes on Cosmology in the Book of Parables”, in: G. Boccaccini (ed.), Enoch and The Messiah Son of Man. Revisiting the Book of Parables (Michigan: Eerdmans, 2007) 143-150

S. Talmon and J. Ben-Dov, “Mishmarot Lists (4Q322-324c) and ‘Historical Texts’ (4Q322a, 4Q331-333) from Qumran”, in: C. Cohen, V.A. Hurowitz et al. (eds.), Birkat Shalom. Festschrift Shalom Paul, (Winona Lake, Ind: Eisenbrauns, 2008) 927-942. (equal work of authors)


J. Ben-Dov, “The 364-day Year at Qumran and in the Pseudepigrapha”, in: M. Kister (ed.), The Qumran Scrolls and Their World (Jerusalem: Yad Ben-Zvi, 2009). 435-476 (Hebrew). 


J. Ben-Dov, “The 364-day Year in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Jewish Pseudepigrapha”, in: John Steele (ed.), Calendars and Years II (Oxford and Oakville: Oxbow Books, 2011) 69-105


J. Ben-Dov, “Tradition and Innovation in the Calendar of Jubilees”, in: G. Boccaccini and G. Ibba (eds.), Enoch and the Mosaic Torah:  the Evidence of Jubilees (Michigan: Eerdmans, 2009) 276-293


J. Ben-Dov, “Science in Aramaic and in Hebrew at Qumran: Translation and Concealment”, in K. Berthelot and D. Stökl (eds.), Aramaica Qumranica. Proceedings of the Conference on the Aramaic Texts from Qumran in Aix-en-Provence (STDJ 94; Leiden: Brill, 2010) 379-401.


J. Ben-Dov, “The Elohistic Psalter and Writing the Divine Name at Qumran”, 

in: The Dead Sea Scrolls and Contemporary Culture. Proceedings of the Israel Museum Conference (STDJ 93; ed. A. Roitman, L. Schiffman and S. Tzoref; Leiden: Brill, 2010) 79-104. 


J. Ben-Dov, “Some Precedents for the Religion of the Book: Josiah’s Book and Ancient Revelatory Literature”, in:  L.L. Grabbe and M. Nissinen (eds.), Constructs of Prophecy in the Former and Latter Prophets & Other Texts (Ancient Near Eastern Monographs; Atlanta: SBL, 2011) 43-62.


J. Ben-Dov, “The Qumran Dial: Artifact, Text, and Context”, in: Jörg Frey, Carsten Claussen, and Nadine Kessler (eds.), Qumran und die Archäologie (WUNT 278; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2011) 211-237


J. Ben-Dov, “The History of Pentecontad Time Periods (I)”, in: E. Mason (ed.), A Teacher for All Generations. Essays in Honor of James C. VanderKam (JSJSup 153; Leiden: Brill, 2011), vol. I, pp. 93-111


J. Ben-Dov, “Lunar Calendars at Qumran: A Comparative and Ideological Study”, in: J. Ben-Dov, W. Horowitz, and J.M. Steele (eds.), Living the Lunar Calendar (Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2012), 172-189.


J. Ben-Dov, “A Jewish Parapegma? 1 Enoch 82 in Roman Egypt”, in: Sacha Stern and Charles Burnett (eds.), Time, Astronomy, and Calendars in Jewish Tradition. (Leiden: Brill, 2013), 1-25.


J. Ben-Dov, “Urban Ideology in Amos Chapter 3”, in: M. Avioz et al. (eds.), Zer Rimonim. Festschrift Rimmon Kasher, (Atlanta: SBL Press, 2013), 239-255 (Hebrew).


J. Ben-Dov, "Ideals of Science: The Infrastructure of Scientific Activity in Apocalyptic Literature and in the Yahad", in J. Ben-Dov and S.L Sanders (eds.), Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in the Second Temple Period (ISAW and New-York University Press, 2014), 109-152


J. Ben-Dov, and S. Sanders, "Introduction", in J. Ben-Dov and S.L. Sanders (eds.), Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in the Second Temple Period (ISAW and New-York University Press, 2014), 9-24 


J. Ben-Dov, “Time and Culture: Mesopotamian Calendars in Jewish Sources from the Bible to the Mishnah”, in: U. Gabbai and S. Secunda (eds.), Encounters On the Rivers of Babylon. Scholarly Conversations Between Jews, Babylonians and Iranians in Antiquity (STAJ; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2014), 217-254


J. Ben-Dov, “Calendars and Festivals”, in ed. B. Strawn and J. Stackert (eds.), Oxford Encyclopedia of The Bible and Law (Oxford University Press 2014), pp. 87-93


J. Ben-Dov and Romina Vergari, "Speaking about God: Person Deixis in Malachi (Text and Versions)", in: Cana Werman (ed.), From Author to Copyist: Essays on the Composition, Redaction, and Transmission of the Hebrew Bible in Honor of Zipi Talshir (Winona Lake, Ind: Eisenbrauns, 2015), pp. 173-187.


J. Ben-Dov, “Priests and the Cult in the Book of Malachi according to Neo-Babylonian Sources”, in S. Yona et al (eds.), Marbeh Hokhma. Studies in the Bible and the Ancient Near East in Loving Memory of Victor A. Hurowitz (Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2015), pp. *73-*90 (Hebrew) 


J. Ben-Dov, “Language, Prayer and Prophecy: 1 Enoch, the Dead Sea Scrolls and 1 Corinthians”, in Ancient Jewish Prayers and Emotions, ed. S. Reif and R. Egger-Wenzel (DCLS; Berlin: de Gruyter, 2015), 239-258.


J. Ben-Dov, “The Resurrection of the Divine Assembly and the Divine Title El in the Dead Sea Scrolls”, in: Ercolani, A., and Giordano, M., eds, Submerged Literature in Ancient Greek Culture. Beyond Greece: the Comparative Perspective, Berlin and Boston: de Gruyter, 2016, pp. 9-31.


J. Ben-Dov, “Time and Natural Law in Jewish-Hellenistic Writings”, in: J. Ben-Dov and L. Doering (eds.), The Construction of Time in Antiquity: Ritual, Art, Identity (Cambridge University Press, 2017), pp. 9-30.


J. Ben-Dov, “The Book of HGY and Ancient Reading Practices”, in: Ariel Feldman, Maria Cioată, and Charlotte Hempel, eds., Is there a Text in this Cave? Studies in the Textuality of the Dead Sea Scrolls in Honour of George J. Brooke. STDJ 119. Leiden: Brill, 2017, pp. 423-437.


J. Ben-Dov, "Babylonian Astral Sciences in West Semitic Sources: The Case of Qumran", in: D. Brown, The Interactions of Ancient Astral Science, Bremen: Hempen Verlag, 2018, pp. 161-191


J. Ben-Dov and D. Brown, “West Semitic Astral Science”, in: D. Brown The Interactions of Ancient Astral Science, Bremen: Hempen Verlag, 2018, pp. 138-160.


J. Ben-Dov, “A Re-examination of the Continuity between the Hebrew Bible and the Scrolls”, in: R. Clements, M. Kister and M. Segal (eds.), The Religious Worldviews Reflected in the Dead Sea Scrolls: Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, 28–30 May, 2013 (STDJ; Leiden: Brill, 2018), 1-24


J. Ben-Dov, “Text Duplications between Higher and Lower Criticism: Num 20-21 and Deut 2-3”, in The Samaritan Pentateuch and the Dead Sea Scrolls, ed. Michael Langlois (Leuven: Peeters, 2019), 217-241


Vered Raziel Kretzmer and J. Ben-Dov, “The Qumran Psalter and the Medieval Palestinian Tefillat ha-Shir”, in On Wings of Prayer. Sources of Jewish Worship. Essays in Honor of Professor Stefan Reif, ed. N. Calduch-Benages, Dalia Marx et al. (DCLS 44; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2019), 299-316

J. Ben-Dov, “The Jewish Calendar and Jewish Sciences”, in: A. Kulik et al (eds.), A Guide to Early Jewish Texts and Traditions in Christian Transmission (New York: Oxford University Press, 2019), 417-427.


J. Ben-Dov, “The Calendar and MMT”, in R. Kratz (ed.), Interpreting and Living God’s Law at Qumran. Maas´e Ha-Torah. Some of the Works of the Torah (4QMMT) (SAPERE; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2020), 105-116


J. Ben-Dov, “5.4.2 Aramaic. 1 Enoch. The Astronomical Book”, in: Textual History of the Bible, Gen, Ed. A. Lange (Leiden: Brill, 2020), vol. 2B, 334-342. (available also as online resource)


J. Ben-Dov, “Rabbi Yehuda Hanasi’ and the Roman Year”, in Social History of the Jews. Studies in Dialogue with Albert Baumgarten, ed. M. Bar-Asher Siegal and J. Ben-Dov (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2021), 189-204


J. Ben-Dov, “Neo-Babylonian Rock-Reliefs and the Jewish Literary Imagination”, in Afterlives of Ancient Rock-Cut Monuments in the Ancient Near East. Carvings In and Out of Time, ed. J. Ben-Dov and F. Rojas, Culture and History of the Ancient Near East 123 (Leiden: Brill, 2021), 345-379. 


Felipe Rojas and Jonathan Ben-Dov, “Introduction”, in Afterlives of Ancient Rock-Cut Monuments in the Ancient Near East. Carvings In and Out of Time, ed. J. Ben-Dov and F. Rojas, Culture and History of the Ancient Near East 123 (Leiden: Brill, 2021) 1-38

J. Ben-Dov, “World Order in the Doxologies of Amos and Job”, in: Ve-Ed Yaale. Festschrift Ed Greenstein, ed. Peter Machinist et al. (Atlanta: SBL Press)

J. Ben-Dov, “Lexical Notes on Musar LeMevin: מחסור, אוט”, in: Hokhmat Sopher. Studies in Honor of Emile Puech. Ed. Jean-Sébastien Rey and Martin Staszak. Etudes bibliques. 2021

J. Ben-Dov, “Jewish Aramaic Science and Mythology: Babylonian or Levantine Heritage?”, in Science in Qumran Aramaic Texts, ed. Ida Fröhlich, Berlin: de Gruyter, 2022, 111-130


Accepted for Publication

J. Ben-Dov, “The Scope and Purpose of Encrypted Writing at Qumran”, Dead Sea Scrolls after 70 years. Proceedings of the NYU Conference. Ed. Alex Jassen and Lawrence Schiffman


 J. Ben-Dov, “Demonic Deuteronomy? The Ending of Deuteronomy and the Sectarian Debate”, in The Textual History of the Bible from the Dead Sea Scrolls to the Biblical Manuscripts of the Vienna Papyrus Collection. 15th Orion Center Conference Volume, ed. R. Clements, R. Fuller, A. Lange and P. Mandel. (STDJ) Brill.


J. Ben-Dov, “The God El and Levantine Mythology in the War Scroll from Qumran”, in Ancient Polytheism Conference Volume, Toulouse 2021. Ed. Corinne Bonnet.


J. Ben-Dov, A. Gayer and E. Ratzon, “A Protocol for Material and Digital Reconstruction of Fragmentary Dead Sea Scrolls”, in 70 Years of Judean Desert Research, ed. Eitan Klein and Joe Uziel. Jerusalem: IAA


J. Ben-Dov, “Judean Desk Calendars and the 360-day Year”, in IN CENTRUM 3. Proceedings of the IAA conference on Time, 2022. Ed. I. Koch, G. Stiebel and S. Dan-Gur (Hebrew) 


J. Ben-Dov, “The Epithet “Lord of Spirits” in the Book of Parables of Enoch”, in What’s in a Divine Name? Religious Systems and Human Agency in the ancient Mediterranean. Ed. F. Porzia and C. Bonnet 


J. Ben-Dov, “Ancient Jewish Astronomy”, in Oxford Handbook of Ancient Astronomy, Ed. John Steele


J. Ben-Dov, “A Comparative Look on the Proto- Masoretic Text of the Torah”, in Festschrift Emanuel Tov. Ed. Moshe Bar Asher. Jerusalem: Israeli Academy of Sciences


Other Publications

J. Ben-Dov, “What’s in a Year? An Incomplete Study on the Notion of Completeness”, Insights. Durham IAS Online Journal 7, 6 (2014), 1-9


J. Ben-Dov, Roger S. Bagnall  and Alexander Jones, with the assistance of K. Kosova and Z. Misiewicz, and with contributions by J. Ben-Dov, J. Dieleman, J. Dumbrowski, E. Hermans, and M. Osendrijver, Mathematics, Metrology, and Model Contracts. A Codex from Late Antique Business Education (P.Math.) (New York: ISAW and NYU Press, 2019)


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