Report finds "considerable increase" in antisemitism in 2012
The Kantor Center at Tel Aviv University has released the Annual Report on Antisemitism Worldwide for 2012
The Kantor Center for the Study of Contemporary European Jewry and the Moshe Kantor database for the Study of Contemporary Antisemitism and Racism at Tel Aviv University, in cooperation with the European Jewish Congress has released the Annual Report on Antisemitism Worldwide for 2012. According to the report there has been "considerable escalation in antisemitic manifestations, particularly violent acts against Jews".
A Rise in Antisemitism
According to the report, following two years of decline, a considerable escalation in the level of violent and vandalistic acts against Jews was recorded in 2012. The combined number of 686 such acts represents an increase of 30% over the 2011 figure of 526. They include 273 attacks on persons of all ages; in addition, 190 synagogues, cemeteries and monuments were desecrated, and over 200 private and public properties damaged. There were 50 attacks with a weapon, 89 without, 166 direct threats on lives, and 373 cases of vandalism. Most of the attacks (510) took place in countries where the largest communities outside Israel reside: France (200), the US (99), the UK (84), Canada (74) and Australia (53).
Three main factors affected this increase:
- The terror attack on the Otsar HaTorah School in Toulouse, in March, which triggered a wave of copycat violent incidents against Jewish targets, mainly in France − one of the worst experienced by the community.
- An escalation in the activities of the extreme right wing and the strengthening of parties with a clear antisemitic agenda, which took advantage of the ongoing economic crisis. In Hungary and Greece, as well as in Ukraine, vociferous representatives of these parties openly incite in parliament against local Jewish communities. Blatant antisemitic and anti-Israel expressions appeared to ignite violent activity in Hungary, and a significant rise in desecration of cemeteries and Holocaust memorials was recorded in Poland.
- Operation Pillar of Defense caused only a moderate, short-lived increase in antisemitic activities worldwide, probably due to its brief duration and the small number of casualties among Palestinians. The wave caused by the terror attack in Toulouse was much more violent and intensive than the effect of the Israeli operation, proof that the desire to harm Jews is deeply rooted among extreme Islamists, as well as among right-wingers and their followers, and that local and international, including Middle East events serve merely as a catalyst.
Increase in Violence and Harassment
The escalation of harassment and street violence continued in 2012, notably in Western Europe, as well as in North America and Australia. In many cases easily identifiable religious Jews, and pupils in Jewish and general schools, were the targets. Rabbis and leaders of a number of communities, guided by the recommendations of security services, instructed their flock to remove signs of their Jewishness when on the street. Several "kippah parades" were held by both Jews and non-Jews in protest.
Public opinion polls conducted in ten Europe countries by the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) revealed that an average of 30% of the public in general hold anti-Jewish prejudices and antisemitic views. The highest level of such views was recorded in Spain, Poland and Hungary, where in the latter it rose from 47% in 2009 to 63% in 2012. These finding correlate with those of other surveys conducted in recent years.
The internet and social networks in particular are the main conveyer of antisemitic propaganda and incitement. The networks disseminated reactions to Operation Pillar of Defense and to Israel's attempt to prevent a Palestinian appeal to the UN for recognition as an observer state. They opened the door to legitimate debates, as well as to the increased delegitimation and demonization of Israel. Common antisemitic motifs in 2012 were the accusation of a world Jewish power working unconditionally at the service of Israel and employing Jews who are unfaithful to their countries, and alleged Jewish control of the world economy and exploitation of the current economic crisis.
Finally, the report states that there is an atmosphere of violence that has incited a growing number of hate crimes against immigrants, foreign workers and minorities, Jews included. There is also a growing climate of verbal violence in Western culture, such as insults, threats, and abusive language and behavior, which nourishes violence and constitutes an ever-increasing threat to Jewish well-being.