Prof. Yaron Tsur

Emeritus in Department of Jewish History
חוג להסטוריה של עם ישראל אמריטוס
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Prof. Yaron Tsur

Took part in creating the Open University of Israel in 1975 and was head team of courses in Modern Jewish History, specializing in the history of the Jewish communities in the Lands of Islam, and in the ethnic problem in Israel.

From 1990 in Tel Aviv University. Chair of the department of Jewish History (2007), and Head of the doctoral School of Jewish Studies (2008-2010).  

Among his books: Jews in an Era of Transformation: Introduction to Modern Jewish  History, The Open University Press, 4 vols., Tel-Aviv, 1978-1980. (Hebrew. In collaboration with H. Wasserman, I. Bartal, M. Ben-Sasson, Y. Tobi. Spanish translation: En Una Era de Transicion, Tel Aviv, 1981. Revised Russian translation in 2002-3); A Torn Community: The Jews of Morocco and Nationalism 1943-1954, Am Oved, Tel-Aviv, 2001 (Hebrew. Won Shazar and Toledano's prizes); Jews among Muslims, 1750-1880, 3 vol., The Open University Press, Tel-Aviv, 2003-4 (Hebrew, temporary edition). 

Founder and director of "The Jews of Islamic Countries – Archiving Project" (1999) and Historical Jewish Press website (2004).   



Prof. Yaron Tsur - CV



1948          - Born inJerusalem,Israel.

1970-1974 - student in the History department, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. (B.A in 1974)

1980-1982 - M.A student in Jewish History, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. (M.A in 1982)

1983-1988 - Ph.D. student, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. (Ph.D. thesis: "France and the Jews of Tunisia, 1874-1888")


Professional experience/employment in Israeli Universities:

1975-2005  - Member of the academic staff of the Open University  of Israel             

1976-79     - Head of course team, "Introduction to Modern Jewish History" 

from 1979 - Head of course teams in various advanced courses in

Jewish modern history             

            from 1984  - Head of the Oriental andMediterraneanstudies

            from 1995  - Head of course team, “Jews among Muslims:

Introduction to Modern History of the Jews in Islamic

Countries, 1750-1914”

From 1990 – member of the academic staff of Tel Aviv University

1990-1992 - Visiting Lecturer

1992 - Lecturer

1997 - Senior Lecturer

1999-2002 – Head of Yad Ben-Zvi Center in TAU

From 2004 – Founder and academic director, “Historical Jewish Press” website (from 2005 in collaboration with the National Library of Israel )

from 2005 - Director of the "Jews of Islamic Countries Research Unit" - The


2006 – Associate Professor

2007       - Chair, Department of Jewish History

2008-2010 – Head of Chaim Rozenberg School of Jewish Studies, Tel Aviv University

2014    - Professor

2015-2016 – Chairman, Consulting sub-Committee for the

Humanities, Consulting Committee for the National Infrastructures, The Council for High Education (Israel)


Professional invitations abroad:

1993      - Visiting professor, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (Paris)

1996      - Fellow, Center for Judaic Studies, University ofPennsylvania.

2000      - Visiting Professor, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Sorbonne,


From 2001 – Member of the academic commission, Centre Benveniste

pour les études et la culture Sépharade, Ecole Pratique des

Hautes Etudes, Sorbonne,Paris

2005    - Ginor Visiting Professor, Jewish Theological Seminary,New York

2006      - Fellow, Center for Judaic Studies, University ofPennsylvania.

2010-2011-  Fellow, Frankel Center for Jewish Studies, University of Michigan

2015 – Visiting Professor, Taub Center for Israel Studies, New York University




2002    - Shazar Prize, for the book “A Torn Community: The Jews of

Moroccoand Nationalism, 1943-1954”(Am-Oved, 2001).

2003 – Medaille dela Villede Paris, for enhancing the study of Tunisian Jewry.

2003 – Toledano Prize, for the book “A Torn Community: The Jews of

Moroccoand Nationalism, 1943-1954”(Am-Oved, 2001).


Digital Humanities

from 1999 – Founder and Chief researcher, The Jews of Islamic Countries –

Archiving Project

From 2004 - Founder and director of the “Jewish Historical Press” website (in

collaboration with the National Library of Israel)

2015 – Chairman, Consulting Committee, Committee for National Infra-Structures in the Humanities, Ministry of Education.

2016 -  Consulting Committee, DLEM (Harvard University).



Yaron Tsur

List of Publications



1. The Jews of Casablance: A Study of Modernization in a Colonial Jewish Society, The Open University Press, Tel-Aviv 1995 (Hebrew. in collaboration with H. Hillel).

2. A Torn Community: The Jews of Morocco and Nationalism 1943-1954, Am Oved, Tel-Aviv, 2001. (Hebrew)

3. Notables and other Jews in the Ottoman Middle East 1759-1830, Mossad Bialik, Jerusalem 2016 (in Print) (Hebrew)


  Text books

1. Jews in an Era of Transformation: Introduction to Modern Jewish  History, The Open University Press, 4 vols., Tel-Aviv, 1978-1980. (Hebrew. In collaboration with H. Wasserman, I. Bartal, M. Ben-Sasson, Y. Tobi. Spanish translation: En Una Era de Transicion, Tel Aviv, 1981. Revised Russian translation is under preparation)

2. The Jews of Yemen - History and Culture, vol. 2, The Legal Status, The Open    University Press, Tel-Aviv 1988. (Hebrew. in collaboration with Y. Toby)

3. The Evolution of a Culture: The Jews of Tunisia and other Muslim Countries, Shazar,Jerusalem, 2003. (Hebrew)

3. Jews in Muslim Lands on the Eve of Modern Times (1750-1830),

The Open University Press, Tel-Aviv, 2004 (Hebrew. temporary edition).*

4. Jews in Muslim Land in the outset of the Era of Reform,

The Open University Press, Tel-Aviv, 2004 (Hebrew. temporary edition).*

5. Jews in Muslim Land After the Crimean War, The Open University Press, Tel-Aviv, 2005 (Hebrew. temporary edition).*


Chapters in books

1. “The Jews ofMoroccoin the Colonial Period”, in H. Sadoun (ed.,), The Jews of Morocco, Ben Zvi Institute, Jerusalem 2004, pp. 47-76. (Hebrew)

 2. "Outside of Europe: The Origins of Moroccan Zionism and its Evolution", in: Gal Allon (ed.), World Regional Zionism: Geo-Cultural Dimensions, Volume 2, Zalman Shazar Center for Jewish History and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Jerusalem, 2010, pp. 203-271. (Hebrew)

3. Y. Tsur, "Religious Internationalism in the Jewish Diaspora – Tunis at the Dawn of the Colonial Period", in:  Abigail Green and Vincent Viaene (ed.), Religious Internationals in the Modern World: Globalization and Faith Communities since 1750 (Palgrave MacMillan Transnational History), Palgrave MacMillan London 2012, pp. 186-205.

* A textbook based on extensive personal research



1) "A Divided Community in Times of Crisis: The Jews of Tunisunder Nazi    Occupation", in: Institute of Contemporary Jewry Year Book, 2(1985), pp. 153-175. (Hebrew)

2) "The Two Jewish Communities of Tunis (Touansa and Grana)", in: Proceedings of 9th  World Congress of Jewish Studies,Jerusalem, 1987, vol. III, pp.67-73. (Hebrew)

3) "The Impact of the Colonial Situation on the Evolution of Zionist Activity in North Africa" in: Institute of Contemporary Jewry Year Book, 4(1987), pp. 136-123. (Hebrew)

4) "Prélude aux relations judéo-françaises à l'époque coloniale: les rapports entre les marchands juifs et les Français en Algérie au XVIII-début XIX siècle", dans: I. Malkin )ed.), La France et la Méditerranée, Brill,Leiden, 1990, pp.401-411.

5) "The Jews of Tunisia at the End of the Pre-Colonial Period", in: Miqeddem Umiyyam, III: Tradition and Modernity in the North African   and                                                                        Oriental Jewry, Haifa University Press,Haifa 1990, pp.79-113. (Hebrew)

6) "The 'Mafia' of Caid Yehuda", Zmanim, 34-35 (Summer 1990), pp.142-151.     (Hebrew)

7) "Ha'apala and the Formation of National Society: The Influence of Clandestine Immigration from Moroccoon the ties between Israeland Moroccan Jewry", in: Zionism, 15 (1991), pp.145-174. (Hebrew)

8) "The Religious Factor in the Encounter between Zionism and the Atlas Jews", in J. Reinharz, A. Shapira, and Sh. Almog (eds.), Zionism and Religion,Jerusalem andBoston:ZalmanShazarCenter and Tauber Institute, 1994, pp. 385-405. (Hebrew and English)

9) Y. Tsur, "Jewish 'Sectional Societies' in Franceand Algeriaon the Eve of the Colonial Encounter", Journal of Mediterranean Studies, vol.4, no.2, 1994, pp.263-277.

10) "Haskala in a Sectional Colonial Society: Mahdia )Tunisia) 1884", in Goldberg, H.  )ed.), Sephardi and Middle Eastern Jewries: History & Culture in the Modern Era, Indiana University Press,Bloomington, 1996, pp.146-167.

11) "L'époque coloniale et les rapports 'ethniques' au sein de la communauté juive en Tunisie", in: Esther Benbassa and Aron Rodrigue (éds.), Mémoires juives d'Espagne et du Portugal, Publisud, Paris, 1996, pp.197-206.

12) "Les dirigeants du judaïsme marocain et l'Indépendance", in: Michel Abitbol (ed.), Relations judéo-musulmanes au Maroc. Perceptions  et réalités, Stavit et CRJM, Paris, 1997, pp. 225-236.

13) "Diaspora Nationalism in the Face of Catastrophes", in Weitz, Y. (ed.), From Vision to Revision: A Hundred Years of Historiography of Zionism,Jerusalem: ShazarCenter, 1997, pp. 171-192. (Hebrew)

14) "Carnival Fears – Moroccan Immigrants and the Ethnic Problem in the YoungStateof Israel", The Journal of Israeli History, Vol. 18 (1997), no. 1, pp. 73-103.

15) “The Immigration from Islamic Counties in the First Decade ofIsrael”, Idan, 20, Yad Ben Zvi,Jerusalem, 1997, pp. 57-82. (Hebrew)

16) “On the Identity Problem in the Maghrib”, in Ronen, Y. (ed.), The Maghrib: Politics, Society, Economy,DayanCenter, Tel-Aviv, 1998, pp. 23-28. (Hebrew)

17) “The Jew transmigrates and imagines a nation”, introduction to the Hebrew translation of Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities, The Open University Press, Tel-Aviv, 1999, pp. 15-30. (Hebrew).

18) “The Ethnic Problem”, in Z. Zameret and H. Yablonka (eds.), The Second Decade 1958-1968, Yad Ben-Zvi, Jerusalem, 2000, pp. 101-124. (Hebrew)

19) “The Jews of Islamic Countries in the 20th Century”, in A. Naor (ed.), The Jewish People in the 20th Century, ShazarCenter and Beit Hatfuzot, n.p., [2000], pp. 370-375. (Hebrew)

20) “The Funerals Incident: The Jews of Tunis and the passage to Colonial Rule”, Zion, 66, no. 1 (2001), pp. 73-102. (Hebrew)

21) “L’AIU et le judaïsme marocain en 1949: l’émergence d’une nouvelle démarche politique”, Archives Juives, n°. 34/1, 1er semestre 2001, pp. 54-73.

22) "The Beginnings of Communal Organization in Casablanca", in: Kehal Yisrael : Jewish Self-Rule Through the Ages,  Vol. 3, The Modern Period, Edited byIsrael Bartal,ShazarCenter,Jerusalem, pp. 165-189. 

23) “The Ethnic Problem in the Jewish Agency’s Discussions at the end of the 1950s Mass Immigration”, Israel: Studies in Zionism and the State of Israel – History, Society, Culture, 2 (2002), pp.81-106. (Hebrew)

24) “Reflections of a Foreign Scholar on the Popular Literature of the Tunisian Jews”, Shorashim Ba-Mizrah, 5 (2002), pp. 210-228. (Hebrew)

25)  “Le rôle de La Statue de sel  dans  l’historiographie sur les Juifs des pays musulmans”, in in D. Mendelson, (éd.), La Culture francophone en Israël, L’Harmattan, Paris 2002, pp. 119-132.

26) “Réformistes musulmans et juifs en Tunisie à la veille de l’occupation française”, in S. Fellouse (ed.), Juifs et Musulmans en Tunisie: Fraternité et dechirement, Somoji Editions d’Art, Paris, 2003, pp. 161-168, 454-456.

27) “The Israeli Historiography and the Ethnic Problem”, Peamim 94 (2003), pp. 1-47 (Hebrew). [English version:  Tsur, yaron, “The Israeli Historiography and the Ethnic Problem”, in Benny Morris (ed.), Making Israel, University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor 2007, pp. 231-277

28) “The North African Communities in the Jewish Diaspora after the Holocaust”, in Dan Mechman (ed.), The Holocaust in Jewish History: Historiography, Historical Consciousness and Interpretations, Yad Vashem, Jerusalem 2005, pp. 275-291. (Hebrew) [French version: "Les communatés d'Afriques du Nord dans la diaspora juive après la Shoah", in: Françoise S. Ouzan and Dan Michman (éds.), De la  mémoire de la Shoah dans le monde juif, CNRS, Paris, 2008 pp. 315-333.]

29) "Basic Problems of Haskalah in MuslimLand:Tunusia as a Test-Case", in Feiner, Shmuel and IsraelBartal (eds.), Varieties of Haskala, Jerusalem 2005, pp. 201-222. (Hebrew)

30) "La culture religieuse à Tunis à la fin du XVIIIème siècle d’après le récit de voyage

de Haïm Yossef David Azoulay (HYDA)", in: Denis Cohen-Tannoudji (éd.), Juifs et Musulmans en Tunisie entre Orient et Occident: Histoires et historiographies revisitées (XVIIIème et XIXème siècles), L'Eclat, 2006, pp. 47-60.

31) "On the Importance of Unseen Institutions: the Jewish Notables of Istanbul and the Intisab" in Michael Winter and Miri Shefer, eds., Turkey: The Ottoman Past and the Republican Present, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 2007: 121-138. (Hebrew)

32) "The Brief Career of Prosper Cohen: A Sectorial Analysis of the North African Jewish Leadership in the Early Years of Israeli Statehood", Studies in Contemporary Jewry, vol. XXII (2007), pp. 66-99.

33) "Entre Tunis et Alger- Les élites juives vers 1800", De Tunis à Paris: Mélange à la mémoire de Paul Sebag, Editions de l'Eclat, Paris 2008, pp. 8-17.

34. Y. Tsur, "Dating the Demise of the Western Sephardi Jewish Diaspora in the Mediterranean", in: Emily Benichou Gottreich and Daniel J. Schroeter (ed.), Jewish “Culture and Society in North Africa, Indiana University Press, Bloomington and Indianapolis 2011, pp. 93-104. 

35. Y. Tsur, “Modern Identities of Jews in Muslim Lands: The Arab-Jewish Option”, Peemim, 125 – 127 )Autumn 2010 – Spring 2011), pp. 45-56. (In Hebrew)

36. Y. Tsur, "Moroccan Jewry and Decolonization: A Modern History of Collective Social Boundaries", Borders and Boundaries in and around Dutch Jewish History, Edited by Judith Frishman, David J. Wertheim, Ido de Haan and Joel Cahen, Amsterdam University Press, Amsterdam 2011, pp. 193-200.

37. Y. Tsur, “’A Totality of Vanities’: Romanelli and the Jewish Wedding in Morocco”, in: Yosef Tobi and Dennis Kurzon (eds.), Hikrei Ma’arav U-Mizrah: Studies in Language, Literature and History presented to Joseph Chetrit, Haifa 2011, pp.657-682. (In Hebrew)

38. Y. Tsur, “Three Lectures about the Israeli Historiography on the Jews of North Africa”, in David Assaf and others (eds.), Milestones: Essays in Jewish History Dedicated to Zvi (Kuti) Yekutiel, Jerusalem 2015, pp. 447-460. (In Hebrew)


Ph.D. (unpublished)

France and the Jews of Tunisia: the Policy of the French Authorities towards the Jews and the Activities of the Jewish Elites during the Period of Transition from Moslem Independent State to Colonial Rule, 1873-1888, Ph.D. Thesis, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem 1988 (in Hebrew). 

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